Psychology is the scientific study of human mind and behaviour.
Psychologists work in many different areas of society and are concerned with practical problems. Below are only a few examples:
- Helping people to overcome depression, stress, trauma or phobias
- Easing the effects of parental divorce on children
- Speeding up recovery from brain injury
- Helping to stop or prevent bullying at school or in the workplace
- Ensuring that school pupils and students are being taught in the most effective way
- Making sure that people are happy at work and perform to the best of their abilities
- Helping athletes and sports people to perform better
Many of the challenges we face in the modern world are rooted in human behaviour, so psychological knowledge can help us find solutions.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
What you believe about yourself, other people in general, and the way the world works determines your mood and behaviour.
CBT aims to identify inaccurate beliefs that confuse and distress, and helps people modify their thinking and behaviour. Changing how you think and behave also changes how you feel. It is a structured approach – you agree goals for treatment with your therapist and try things out between sessions.
CBT is the main evidence-based therapy for the treatment of a range of psychological difficulties.
This is an integrative form of psychological therapy that aims to understand and ameliorate chronic and self-limiting patterns of emotional expression.
This form of therapy is particularly suitable for individuals that face recurrent difficulties in relationships with others and who wish to develop self-awareness.
During the first part of therapy, client and therapist attempt to get an overview of the client’s presenting problems in the context of their early history and this leads to a formulation and sharing with the client of the patterns that maintain their difficulties.
During the second part of the therapy, emphasis is placed on revising and exiting from problematic patterns to enable the individual to lead a more fulfilling life.
This is an innovative form of cognitive-behavioural therapy that was originally developed for individuals who engage in deliberate self-harm but was later shown to be highly effective for clients suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).
DBT is particularly useful for individuals who engage in multi-impulsive behaviour (self-harm, misuse of drugs and alcohol, eating disorders) as a way of managing or escaping from overwhelming emotions. During the therapy, clients learn new skills of mindfulness, distress tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness and emotional regulation and the therapist coaches the client to use these new skills in situations in everyday life.
This is an innovative form of cognitive-behavioural therapy that is suitable for individuals suffering from long-standing difficulties with depression and anxiety or in relationships with others, for whom standard CBT might not be effective.
This form of therapy looks at schemas (‘extremely stable and enduring patterns of thoughts, emotions and behaviour that affect our understanding of ourselves, the world and other people’). We all view the world through our schemas and maladaptive schemas develop when there is a toxic frustration of needs during early life. The aim of SFT is to help you stop using maladaptive coping styles, heal early schemas and get your emotional needs met in everyday life.
SFT has a good evidence base for individuals that have long-standing difficulties.
This form of therapy involves the therapist listening to your experiences, exploring connections between present feelings and actions with past events.
The relationship between the therapist and client is used to understand current difficulties in significant relationships. Psychodynamic therapy can help people get to know themselves better, improve their relationships and get more out of life.It can be especially useful in helping people with long term or recurrent problems get to the root of their difficulties.
Your Initial Appointment
The first appointment is an opportunity for one of the psychologists to hear about the reasons for coming to therapy and to discuss what your expectations are.
This first appointment does not commit you to attend on a regular basis. Many people are unsure about therapy and therefore the initial appointment can help with the decision about starting therapy.
Typically, you will be asked about various parts of you life so that the psychologist can better able to understand the problems. You don’t have to answer all the questions and it is likely that certain aspects may be talked about in more depth later in therapy. By the end of the initial appointment, the psychologist with share with you what their understanding is of your problems and will explain which therapeutic approach they think may be helpful and why. The duration and frequency of the appointments will also be discussed.
Sometimes, questionnaires are used to help with the process and to also measure the progress of therapy. We aim to provide effective therapy and questionnaires can help to check if changes are occurring.